Indústrias Nucleares do Brasil - INB inaugurates this Friday, November 29, at 3 pm, the 8th ultracentrifuge cascade, at the Nuclear Fuel Factory (FCN), in Resende / RJ. For the event, the presence of the President of the Republic, Jair Bolsonaro is expected.
With the start of the 8th cascade, INB will increase the production of enriched uranium by 20% in the country, being able to produce 60% of what is needed to supply the Angra 1 Nuclear Power Plant.
In 2019, the Federal Government invested R$ 18 million in the project. With the increase in production, INB will add the equivalent of R$ 6 million of currency savings to the amount of R$ 36 million annually already saved with the production of the seven cascades in operation. With each advance in the expansion of the Uranium Enrichment Plant, INB reduces the need to purchase enriched uranium abroad for fuel production for national nuclear plants.
The inauguration is part of the first phase of the implementation of the Uranium Isotope Enrichment Plant, a project in partnership with the Brazilian Navy, aimed at the installation of ten ultracentrifuge cascades. Expected to be completed in 2021, at the end, the project will meet 80% of Angra ‘1s demands. The 9th cascade has its structure partly completed, awaiting installation of the ultracentrifuges by the Navy. It is expected to be inaugurated at the end of 2020.
Brazil is part of a select group of 12 countries internationally recognized by the nuclear sector as having uranium enrichment facilities with different industrial production capacities. They are: United States, China, France, Japan, Pakistan, Russia, Netherlands, India, Iran, Germany and England.
OPERATION- Found in its natural form, uranium produces no energy. The enrichment process is performed to separate and increase the concentration of one of the natural uranium isotopes, which undergoes fission process in the cores of nuclear reactors. INB produces uranium enriched up to 5% by weight of isotope 235 for the manufacture of fuels that supply the Angra 1 and 2 plants and, in the future, Angra 3.
The uranium enrichment technology by the ultra-centrifugation process was developed in Brazil by the Navy's Technological Center in Sao Paulo (CTMSP), in partnership with the Institute of Energy and Nuclear Research (IPEN), linked to the National Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN).